Nestled high in the Andes at an altitude of 2350m, and overshadowed by a 300m peak, lies an Old Mountain. For years, the morning mists settled on this ancient site keeping the complex beneath it shrouded in mystery. Overgrown with dense vegetation, it remained hidden from the outside world until 1911, when an archaeologist named Hiram Bingham ‘officially’ discovered the site. “Old Mountain” was home to the ancient Inca Fortress, better known today as Machu Picchu.
Thought to have been built by the Incan ruler, Pachacuti Inca Yapancui, the sanctuary of Machu Picchu overlooks the deep canyon of the Urubamba River, and covers an area of 5 square kilometers. It is part of the larger Machu Picchu Heritage site, spanning an area of 32,600 hectares and is home to numerous archaeological wonders and a myriad of magnificent flora and fauna.