Peru’s San Fernando Bay declared nature reserve


San Fernando Bay (Photo: El Comercio )

Peru’s San Fernando Bay, long considered one of the richest coastal regions in South America was made an official national reserve by the state.

The declaration gives a measure of hope for environmental advocates. They have long prized the area for its natural beauty and richness, but have raised concerns about the impact of a construction of a megaport on neighboring cape, San Nicholas.

That latter project is meant to receive large cargo ships and connect to the inter-oceanic highway going from the Andes to Brazil.

This bay, 70 kilometers north of Nasca, contains roughly 380 acres of land serving as a refuge to 252 species of birds, 90 varieties of fish and crustaceans, 90 species of plants, and scores of reptiles and mammals (including the puma and the Andean fox) that co-exist in peaceful harmony, and, in the waters, biologically valuable algae banks.

As reported in Peru’s El Comercio, being officially categorized a National Reserve by Peru’s Cabinet Ministers last Wednesday finalizes a process that began three years ago. The San Fernando Bay had previously been deamed a “protected natural area” and later a “reserved zone.”

“With this declaration,” said Environmental Minister Antonio Brack, “will not only offer greater protection of the only Andean-coastal corridor that remains in our country, but will achieve better planning for the conservation of its most important natural resources.”