Peru: Morning News Roundup – Wednesday, June 20


Chile has "extremely solid" arguments for sea border with Peru: FM

Chile’s Foreign Minister Alejandro Foxley said on Tuesday that his country’s position on its maritime boundary with Peru "extremely solid" and it is not afraid of Peru taking the issue to court. "We are clear about our line of defense and we will use it without any hesitation. We are fully confident that the Chilean position will prevail," Foxley said. On Monday, Peruvian President Alan Garcia said the nation would take the dispute over his country’s maritime boundary with Chile to The International Court of Justice in The Hague. Peru claims at least 38,000 square km of sea from Chile starting from milestone No. 1 at a coastal site called Concordia. Foxley said the government had not yet received any official notification of the Peruvian plan, but said Chile had a first-rate team that could carry out the legal defense. He added that Chile’s position on the maritime border "has always been respected and is in line with the current agreements which have been operating for decades. Chile is a nation that has always trusted the international legal system," Foxley said. Chile considers that the sea border issue was settled by the fishing agreements in the 1950s, while Peru argues that they only apply to fishing, not to sovereignty. Also on Tuesday, Chile’s legislators said they backed Peru’s decision to go to the Hague court. "I am pleased that Peru plans to go to the international court, because I have no doubt that it will confirm the maritime limits set down in the 1952 and 1954 treaties," said Roberto Munoz Barra, head of the Foreign Affairs Committee in Chile’s Senate. (English People’s Daily Online)

President Neide meets UNI-Peru Women

UNI-Americas women’s president Neide Ap. Fonseca, Director of Contraf-CUT, Brazil, met with the Women’s Committee of Peru at the union office of Fetratel earlier this month. The Peruvian activists explained the radical changes occurring in the labor market of their country and their impact on organizing women. These include jobs without any rights, including those related to maternity, young people having to accept part-time work because there are no other opportunities. The Women’s Committee is also concerned about the lack of trade union training and continuity in meetings and organizing. They therefore request more investment in training for leaders and grass root members to help contribute long term leadership renewal. Following the meeting, Neide was invited to visit the National Union of Social Security Health Nurses and met Secretary General, Margarita Gutierrez. This longstanding UNI affiliate whose membership and leadership is dominated by women, is one of the largest and most active in fighting and organizing in the country. The GS committed herself to cooperate and invest in reactivating the UNI-Peru Women’s Network. (UNI Global Union)

Peru nearly ready for Copa America

Peru’s national soccer team is all but ready for the 2007 Copa American which begins on Tuesday next week in nine Venezuelan cities, local media said on Tuesday. The team will travel to Venezuelan city Merida on Thursday where they will play Uruguay, Venezuela and Bolivia in the city’s Puerto Nuevo Stadium, as part of Group A. Julio Uribe, the national team’s manager, will deliver his list of 22 players before making the journey. The current shortlist of 26 players is currently training in Lima’s Villa Deportiva Nacional Stadium. The players are extremely enthusiastic and committed to passing the group phase: doing so means earning 50,000 U.S. dollars to share between team members. If the team wins the whole championship they will earn 500,000 dollars. Peru has two team layouts planned: 1-3-3-2-2- and 1-5-3-2 depending on which rival they are facing. The first set up is designed to bring lost balls back into circulation and the second to boost defense. Three of Peru’s players are injured, but none of them seriously. These are goalkeeper Leao Butron, central defender Alberto Rodriguez and forward Paolo Guerrero. ( Mathaba.net)

China is Peru’s largest IT product supplier in 2006

China was the largest supplier of information technology (IT) products to Peru in 2006, contributing 41.4 percent of the nation’s imports, the Lima Chamber of Commerce said yesterday. Peru’s IT product imports from China last year was worth US$171.2 million, it said. IT product imports have registered a major growth in the last few years from US$214.5 million a year in 2002 to 415.2 million in 2006. Last year, the imports from China represents 60 percent of the value generated by the IT industry. The market will grow swiftly to US$700 million, the chamber estimated. The United States, the second largest supplier to Peru, provided US$50.3 million of IT products, or 12.1 percent of Peru’s total imports. More than half of Peru’s IT imports comes from Asian countries, the statement said. The chamber said that it is important for Peru to fulfill the requirements of the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) set out by the World Trade Organization, which includes tariff reductions for IT products. To meet ITA rules, a nation must reduce tariffs, taxes and custom charge to zero for a list of approved products. "Peru has not yet signed the agreement but it will do so as part of its commitments signed in its free trade agreement with the United States," the Chamber said. The main IT products imported to Peru include word processor parts and accessories, which represented US$102.7 million of goods in 2006, up 53.6 percent from a year earlier. Laptop purchases rose 67 percent to US$47.9 million, while silicon chips rose 71.7 percent to US$20.9 million.added. (English.Eastday.com)

First gunfire victim in America found in Peru

The first person killed by gunfire in America, very likely by Spanish conquistadores nearly 500 years ago, was found in a burial plot near Lima, scientists with the National Geographic Society reported. The skull with traces of musket-ball was among some 72 bodies of Inca Indians unearthed in 1999 during road construction in Puruchuco. Half the bodies showed signs of having died in combat, the archaeologists said. Three of the bodies had evidence of gunfire injuries, but only the one with a head injury was confirmed to have been "killed by a gun shot, a musket or arquebus," Peruvian archaeologist Guillermo Cock told AFP on Tuesday. "For the first time, the human remains of natives killed during the conquest have been identified," he said, referring to Spain’s conquest of the Incan empire in what is now Peru, specifically to Francisco Pizarro’s siege of Lima in 1536. The pierced skull was analyzed in 2004 and 2006 by means of an electronic microscope at the Henry Lee Institute of Forensic Science University of New Haven West Haven, Connecticut, he said. Traces of metal in the back of the skull were found consistent with musket or arquebus balls used by Europeans during the early 16th Century, he added. (read the entire article at National Nine News)