On Peru’s Southern coast, you’ll find remains of two of the most fascinating cultures of Peru: The Nasca, and the Paracas. Decorating the arid hillsides are churches, haciendas, lost cities, and ancient petroglyphs, that tell of an important era in Peruvian cultural history.
For ancient people of the Peruvian Coasts, farming and irrigation was the foundation for everything
Figures on the desert floor
Farmers and Cities of Stone
In learning how to control water, the Nasca people created conditions for rapid agricultural development. They started cultivating plants that would have been unthinkable to grow in these regions before they became masters of the art of irrigation. Plants like cotton, corn, and sweet potatoes began to thrive along the thin and fertile valleys in the Nasca region. This allowed the locals to supplement their diet of fish and shellfish, with these new plants. It was also during this time that many petroglyphs were painted: animals, humans, and geometric figures such as the chakana.
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