Scientists mapped Toro Muerto with drones


Toro Muerto, one of the largest rupestre art reservoirs in Peru –and in the world-, is being studied to analyze and document the monuments and drawings left by native tribes in the region.

Liz Gonzales Ruiz, head of the Archaeological Project Toro Muerto, and Janusz Woloszy, scientific advisor of the University of Warsaw, were mapping the zone of Toro Muerto with drones, between August 9th and 19th. The main goal of the scientists is to elaborate 3D models and one orthophoto of the field.

Fabian Brondi Rueda, Segundo Rojas Sánchez and Alexis Camargo Pumahuacre, National Geographic Institute employees, completed the special team.

Toro Muerto is located in the Castilla province, in the Arequipa region. The archaeological zone has a 50 square kilometers area delimited by the Minister of Culture. However, visitors and scientists can find 2.484 stones with petroglyphs just in 10 square kilometers; this zone was the chosen one to be photographed by the team during the trip. The designs in Toro Muerto were made in a span of about 1000 years by different cultures.

With this plan, the National Geographic Institute aims to elaborate an updated registration for the petroglyphs, including graphic and photographic records, spatial analysis and 3D modeling, and others resources. According to the Institute, with this information, a huge database will be developed based on the Geographic Information Systems and information technologies (IT). The team also hopes to achieve a better understanding of the icons and their relation with the geographic context.

(Cover photo ING)

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