In Peru, two and a half million people over 20 years old have some stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 12,067 are in stage V or terminal chronic kidney disease and require dialysis or a kidney transplant.
These numbers are from the Ministry of Health (Minsa), cited by Andina News Agency. They also informed that having diabetes increases twice the risk of having CKD and with hypertension, the risk increases by 38%, according to the director general of Strategic Interventions in Public Health of the Minsa, Gustavo Rosell de Almeida.
This disease is present when individuals have an increase in protein removal in the urine or a significant decrease in kidney function.
Another main factor is obesity. Studies have shown that people with obesity have up to 40% more risk of developing chronic kidney disease.
“Minsa, in order to intervene on CKD, has implemented clinical practice guidelines (CPG) in two of the main diseases associated with CKD: diabetes and hypertension. By 2019, there are five approved CPGs in the process of being implemented”, Andina reported.