A Pacha, being a span of 500 years, is a traditional way that the Inca read time. The time of the first arrival of the Spanish to the Americas coincided with one Pachakuti. It’s said that this era recently came to an end with the arrival of another Pachakuti, this time leading way to set the world right-side up and to return to a golden era. It’s said that the Andean people and their native historical culture will see a resurgence, and rise out of the previous period of conquest and oppression and begin to thrive and return to a period of grandeur.
The Pachakuti also speaks of the tumultuous nature of our current world, in particular, the environmental destruction of the earth, transforming and returning to one of balance, harmony, and sustainability. This will happen as we people change their ways of thinking, and become more conscious. Therefore the Pachakuti is representative of the death of an old way of thinking about the world in which we live and an elevation to a higher state of consciousness. In this way, we can describe ourselves not as who we are or were, but who we are becoming.
When the Spanish came to the lands of Inca, the Inca were in midst of one of their chaos periods. It was a time of transition time from one era to another, from the rule of one god to another, from one set of values to another, from a world dominated by solar Inti to one under the dominion of chaotic Viracocha.
Numerous Andean messianic movements of the past 450 years have been based on the belief that this period of chaos would come to end and bring about a new order established by Viracocha. Therefore what Spaniards, worshiping a jealous sky god, helped to prolong the high ( in Quechua, Hanan) values of sun and light, soon to give way to the lunar world of the Goddess, values of the low (in Quechua, Hurin), moist and ambiguous, beyond dualism. It’s a world where the trickster thrives.
Simple and naive is the division that placed on a pedestal the so-called high morals and absolute good, and pushed wild, Dionysian side of life into realm to be feared and denied, it is already obsolete in practice in the world where leisure, fun, and party are everything, and that side will need to be rehabilitated in order to restore balance.
If the Great Change was to be complete, dominator culture, competitive legacy of Bronze Age warriors and Middle Eastern shepherds mentality needs to give way to cooperation and partnership, fixed boundaries to flow, acceptance of change, world vision and morality of desert to ways of the jungle, and book and letter of the Law to intuition, flexibility and direct experience. How soon this might happen remains to be seen, but too many signs point that it is more than wishful thinking. It has been too long, this era.
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