24 Horas declared Machu Picchu as one of the most visited places in the world, and they are not wrong. People from all over the planet travel all the way to Cusco to get to the ancient citadel. Nevertheless, myths surrounding this massive structure have existed all throughout its existence.
One of those myths is related to who really “discovered” Machu Picchu. “It is said that the American explorer Hiram Bingham ‘discovered’ the ancient Inca citadel. In July, 107 years of that event were celebrated”, the aforementioned website explained.
Nevertheless, the truth is that in 1902 this place had already been discovered by a landowner who lived on the banks of the Vilcanota River and whose name was Melchor Arteaga. Still, many don’t agree with the discovery because “only an absolutely unknown space can be discovered, and Machu Picchu was never hidden”, according to the Cusco historian Donato Amado.
Another myth is about its construction and why it was built on top of a mountain. An expert from Unesco said that it was built at more than 2,400 meters above sea level. According to 24 Horas, “recent studies have determined that Machu Picchu was the place from which the Incas administered their empire, and it was fitting that it was in the highest part in terms of military strategy”.
It is also said that Machu Picchu was the resting place of the first Inca governor, Pachacútec, who had ordered it built around the year 1435. This is the third myth. Other say, in return, that it was an important place for scientific studies.